The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
principles of the basic electronics which include
the use of the batteries, the study of the circuits
in series and in parallel, the effect of the
power’stransfer to a load and the use of the basic
instrumentation as Voltmeter, Ammeter and
Ohmmeter.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• DC power sources

• Batteries

• Conventional directions of voltages, e.m.f. and
currents

• Ohm’s law

• Circuit with linear resistance and non linear
resistance

• Series/parallel resistive circuits

• Power in dc circuits

• Linear/non linear variable resistor

• Voltage/current divider circuits

• Direct current meters

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Batteries

• Switches

• Ohm’s law

• Series circuit

• Parallel circuit

• Series/Parallel circuit

• Power

• Linear/non-Linear variable resistor

• Voltage divider

• Voltmeter/Ammeter/Ohmmeter

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the module: 297x260mm.

**DL 3155E01**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
operation of the circuits in direct current, from
the use of the generators in series and in parallel
to the principle of the Ohm’s law and the study of
the resistors and their behavior.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Structure of the circuits

• Electric current

• Voltage and electromotive force

• Electric resistance

• Conventional sense of voltage and current

• Types of measurement and types of errors

• Types of instruments

• Measurement of e.m.f. and voltage

• Measurement of the current

• Measurement of the resistance

• Relationships among current, voltage and
resistance: Ohm’s law

• Conductors resistivity and temperature
coefficient

• Circuit with linear and non‐linear resistance

• Types of resistors

• Identification of the value of the resistors

• Series and parallel resistors

• Constant signals

• Variable signals

• Wheatstone Bridge

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Electrical circuit: Components and
measurements

• Series generators

• Parallel generators

• Ohm’s law

• Application of the Ohm’s law: how a
resistance influences the current

• The resistivity: resistance, length, section and
resistivity of a conductor

• Linear and non‐linear ohmic resistance

• Series circuit: current, resistance and voltage

• Colour code of the resistors

• Wheatstone Bridge

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M01R**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the laws
of Kirchhoff's current and voltage, the
superposition of the effects, voltage dividers and
verify the most common basic theorems in
electronics such as Thevenin, Norton and
Millman.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Elements of an electrical network: node, arm,
mesh

• First Kirchoff principle

• Second Kirchoff principle

• Series resistances

• Parallel resistances

• Series ‐ parallel connection

• Voltage dividers

• Theorem of the effect superposition

• Thevenin theorem

• Norton theorem

• Millman theorem

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Series resistors and Kirchoff voltage law
verification

• Parallel resistors and Kirchoff current law
verification

• Series ‐ parallel resistors

• Effect superposition

• Thevenin theorem

• Norton theorem

• Millman theorem

• Voltage divider

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M02**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
concept of power and electric energy, the effect
joule, the importance of the energy balance and
the efficiency.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• The power and the electric energy

• Their measurement

• Thermal effect of the current: Joule’s law

• Practical applications of the Joule’s law

• Energy balance and efficiency

• Energy transfer from a supply unit to a load

• Adaptation of the load

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Electrical power in parallel connection

• Electrical power in series connection

• Energy: Joule’s law

• Bimetallic sheet switch: thermostat

• Energy balance and efficiency

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M03**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
characteristics of an electric field, the different
types of capacitors in series and parallel
configurations and the principle of operation of
the charging and discharging of a capacitor.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Fields of force

• The field vector

• The potential and the potential difference

• Characteristics of the electric field and its
measurement units

• The electric field generated by a uniformly loaded
unlimited plane surface

• The electric field of a double plane surface

• Capacitors: composition, identification,
connection

• Charge of capacitors

• Discharge of capacitors

• Energy of the electric field in the capacitors

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Superficial electrization of the bodies

• Electrostatic machine

• Energy of the capacitors

• Type of capacitors

• Capacitors in series

• Capacitors in parallel

• Charge and discharge of a capacitor

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155E01**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
characteristics of a magnetic field generated by
three different types of conductors (rectangular
conductor, circular and solenoid), the
functionality of a magnetic switchand of an
electromagnetwith the hysteresis loop and the
operating principle of the nonlinear resistance.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Characteristics of the magnetic field

• Diamagnetic, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic
materials

• Soft and rigid ferromagnets

• Hysteresis cycle

• Magnetic quantities and relevant measurement
units

• Hall’s effect and Hall’s potential difference

• Hopkinson’s law

• Energy of the magnetic field

• Study of VDR

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Magnetic field created by a rectilinear
conductor

• Magnetic field created by a circular conductor

• Magnetic field created by a solenoid conductor

• Measurement of the magnetic induction

• Magnetic switch

• Electromagnet

• Hysteresis cycle

• Resistor not linear (VDR)

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M05R**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
principle of electromagnetic induction and its
laws, the use of a moving coil and the operating
principle of the dc electrical machines.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Lorentz’s force

• Force in a wire run by current in a magnetic field

• The induction phenomenon and the Faraday‐
Neumann’s and Lenz’s laws

• The self‐induction phenomenon

• The relay

• The moving coil ammeter

• The static transformer

• Alternators and dynamos

• Direct current electric motors

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Electrodynamic action

• Magnetic field of a coil: the relay

• Electromagnetic induction

• Self‐induction

• Moving coil instrument

• Transformer

• Electric motor principle

• Direct current motor

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M06**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
operating principle of the alternating current
circuits with the use of inductors, resistors and
capacitors. They also begin to understand the
function of filters and resonant circuits.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Sinusoidal alternating currents and voltages

• Vector and symbolic representation of the
sinusoidal electric quantities

• Product of a sinusoidal quantity by a
constant

• Sum and difference of sinusoidal quantities

• Product of two sinusoidal quantities

• Product of a sinusoidal quantity by a
complex number

• Elementary bipoles: R, L, C

• Series and parallel of the bipoles: R‐L, R‐C, R‐
L‐C

• Oscillating circuits: frequency response of
the ac circuits

• Low‐pass filter, high‐pass filter, pass‐band
filter

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Alternating quantities

• Resistive circuit

• Capacitive circuit

• R‐C circuit (series and parallel)

• Inductive circuit

• R‐L circuit (series and parallel)

• Series resonant circuit

• Parallel resonant circuit

• Low‐pass filter (R‐C)

• High‐pass filter (C‐R)

• Low‐pass filter (L‐R)

• High‐pass filter (R‐L)

• Pass‐band filter

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M07**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
concept of active, reactive and apparent power
through the use of ohmic‐ inductiveand ohmic‐
capacitive circuits, the Boucherot’s theorem and
the concept of phasing of an ohmic‐inductive
load.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Active power

• Reactive power

• Apparent power

• Boucherot’s theorem

• Power and energy measurements

• Phasing of a single‐phase system

• Calculation of the phasing capacity

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Active, reactive and apparent power (ohmic,
inductive, ohmic‐inductive load)

• Active, reactive and apparent power (ohmic,
capacitive, ohmic‐capacitive load)

• Boucherot’s theorem

• Phasing of an ohmic‐inductive load

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M08**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
operating principle of the single‐phase
transformers in different load conditions and
their phase shift and the principle of the pulse
transformer and its relative hysteresis loop.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Ideal transformer: no‐load operation

• Ideal transformer: load operation

• Real transformer: no‐load and load
operation

• Tests on the transformer

• The autotransformer

• Magnetic core

• Electric windings

• Transformer cooling

• Transformer applications

• Pulse transformers

• Transformers for blocked oscillators

• Analysis of the behaviour of voltage vs. time

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Voltage and current transformation ratio

• No‐load transformer

• Transformer in different load conditions;
phase displacement

• Pulse transformer

• Hysteresis cycle of a pulse transformer;
magnetic saturation curve

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M09**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
operating principle of the generators and direct
current motors, their power and efficiency and
their speed regulation with PWM and closed
loop.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Separate excitation dc motors

• Shunt excitation dc motors

• Series excitation dc motors

• Compound excitation dc motors

• Power and efficiency

• DC motors as generators

• DC motors as tachometric dynamo

• DC motor speed control

• Transistor operation

• Semi controlled single‐phase bridge operation

• Totally controlled single phase bridge operation

• Linear control and PWM control

• Closed loop control

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• Measurement of the speed of a dc motor

• Counter electromotive force of a dc motor

• Load operation of a dc motor

• Power and efficiency

• Control circuit of a dc motor

• Adjustment of the PWM speed

• Adjustment of the closing loop speed

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M10**

The design and construction of electronic circuits
to solve practical problems is an essential
technique in the fields of electronic engineering
and computer engineering.

With this board the students can study the
operation of a balanced and unbalanced three‐
phase system with resistive, capacitive and
inductive load; they can also verify the behavior
of a three‐phase rectifier and of a phase
sequence indicator.

**THEORETICAL TOPICS**

• Star connected three‐phase load

• Triangle connected three‐phase load

• Balanced three‐phase load

• Unbalanced three‐phase load

• Inductive load

• Capacitive load

• Re‐phasing circuit

• Resonance circuit

• Displacement of the centre of the star

• Half‐wave rectifier circuit

• Full‐wave rectifier circuit

• Half‐bridge three‐phase rectifier circuit

• Six‐phase rectifier circuit

• Fault simulation

**CIRCUIT BLOCKS**

• 4 three‐phase resistive circuits

• 3 three‐phase capacitive circuits

• 2 three‐phase inductive circuits

• 1 diode rectifier circuit

• 1 sequence scope circuit

• 1 three‐phase and neutral generator with
variable frequency between 10 and 500
Hz

Complete with theoretical and practical manual.

Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

**DL 3155M29**