Electricity and Electromagnetism

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DC FUNDAMENTALS

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the principles of the basic electronics which include the use of the batteries, the study of the circuits in series and in parallel, the effect of the power’stransfer to a load and the use of the basic instrumentation as Voltmeter, Ammeter and Ohmmeter.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• DC power sources
• Batteries
• Conventional directions of voltages, e.m.f. and currents
• Ohm’s law
• Circuit with linear resistance and non linear resistance
• Series/parallel resistive circuits
• Power in dc circuits
• Linear/non linear variable resistor
• Voltage/current divider circuits
• Direct current meters
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Batteries
• Switches
• Ohm’s law
• Series circuit
• Parallel circuit
• Series/Parallel circuit
• Power
• Linear/non-Linear variable resistor
• Voltage divider
• Voltmeter/Ammeter/Ohmmeter
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the module: 297x260mm.

DL 3155E01

DC CIRCUITS

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the operation of the circuits in direct current, from the use of the generators in series and in parallel to the principle of the Ohm’s law and the study of the resistors and their behavior.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Structure of the circuits
• Electric current
• Voltage and electromotive force
• Electric resistance
• Conventional sense of voltage and current
• Types of measurement and types of errors
• Types of instruments
• Measurement of e.m.f. and voltage
• Measurement of the current
• Measurement of the resistance
• Relationships among current, voltage and resistance: Ohm’s law
• Conductors resistivity and temperature coefficient
• Circuit with linear and non‐linear resistance
• Types of resistors
• Identification of the value of the resistors
• Series and parallel resistors
• Constant signals
• Variable signals
• Wheatstone Bridge
•    Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Electrical circuit: Components and measurements
• Series generators
• Parallel generators
• Ohm’s law
• Application of the Ohm’s law: how a resistance influences the current
• The resistivity: resistance, length, section and resistivity of a conductor
• Linear and non‐linear ohmic resistance
• Series circuit: current, resistance and voltage
• Colour code of the resistors
•    Wheatstone Bridge
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M01R

ELECTRIC NETWORKS

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the laws of Kirchhoff's current and voltage, the superposition of the effects, voltage dividers and verify the most common basic theorems in electronics such as Thevenin, Norton and Millman.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Elements of an electrical network: node, arm, mesh
• First Kirchoff principle
• Second Kirchoff principle
• Series resistances
• Parallel resistances
• Series ‐ parallel connection
• Voltage dividers
   • Theorem of the effect superposition
• Thevenin theorem
• Norton theorem
• Millman theorem
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Series resistors and Kirchoff voltage law verification
   • Parallel resistors and Kirchoff current law verification
• Series ‐ parallel resistors
• Effect superposition
• Thevenin theorem
• Norton theorem
• Millman theorem
• Voltage divider
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M02

ELECTRIC POWER AND ENERGY

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the concept of power and electric energy, the effect joule, the importance of the energy balance and the efficiency.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• The power and the electric energy  
• Their measurement  
• Thermal effect of the current: Joule’s law
• Practical applications of the Joule’s law
• Energy balance and efficiency
• Energy transfer from a supply unit to a load
• Adaptation of the load
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Electrical power in parallel connection
• Electrical power in series connection
• Energy: Joule’s law
• Bimetallic sheet switch: thermostat
• Energy balance and efficiency
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M03

ELECTRIC FIELD

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the characteristics of an electric field, the different   types of capacitors in series and parallel configurations and the principle of operation of the charging and discharging of a capacitor.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Fields of force
• The field vector
• The potential and the potential difference
• Characteristics of the electric field and its measurement units
• The electric field generated by a uniformly loaded unlimited plane surface
• The electric field of a double plane surface
• Capacitors: composition, identification, connection
• Charge of capacitors
• Discharge of capacitors 
  • Energy of the electric field in the capacitors
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Superficial electrization of the bodies
• Electrostatic machine
• Energy of the capacitors
• Type of capacitors
• Capacitors in series
• Capacitors in parallel
• Charge and discharge of a capacitor
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155E01

MAGNETIC CIRCUITS

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the characteristics of a magnetic field generated by three different types of conductors (rectangular conductor, circular and solenoid), the functionality of a magnetic switchand of an electromagnetwith the hysteresis loop and the operating principle of the nonlinear resistance.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Characteristics of the magnetic field
• Diamagnetic, paramagnetic and ferromagnetic materials
• Soft and rigid ferromagnets
• Hysteresis cycle
• Magnetic quantities and relevant measurement units
• Hall’s effect and Hall’s potential difference
• Hopkinson’s law
• Energy of the magnetic field  
• Study of VDR
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Magnetic field created by a rectilinear conductor
• Magnetic field created by a circular conductor
• Magnetic field created by a solenoid conductor
• Measurement of the magnetic induction
• Magnetic switch
• Electromagnet 
  • Hysteresis cycle
• Resistor not linear (VDR)
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M05R

ELECTROMAGNETISM

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the principle of electromagnetic induction and its laws, the use of a moving coil and the operating principle of the dc electrical machines.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Lorentz’s force
• Force in a wire run by current in a magnetic field
• The induction phenomenon and the Faraday‐ Neumann’s and Lenz’s laws
• The self‐induction phenomenon
• The relay
• The moving coil ammeter
• The static transformer
• Alternators and dynamos
• Direct current electric motors
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Electrodynamic action
• Magnetic field of a coil: the relay
• Electromagnetic induction
• Self‐induction
• Moving coil instrument
• Transformer
• Electric motor principle
• Direct current motor
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M06

AC CIRCUITS

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the operating principle of the alternating current circuits with the use of inductors, resistors and capacitors. They also begin to understand the function of filters and resonant circuits.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Sinusoidal alternating currents and voltages
• Vector and symbolic representation of the sinusoidal electric quantities
• Product of a sinusoidal quantity by a constant
• Sum and difference of sinusoidal quantities
• Product of two sinusoidal quantities
• Product of a sinusoidal quantity by a complex number
• Elementary bipoles: R, L, C
• Series and parallel of the bipoles: R‐L, R‐C, R‐ L‐C
• Oscillating circuits: frequency response of the ac circuits
• Low‐pass filter, high‐pass filter, pass‐band filter
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Alternating quantities
• Resistive circuit
• Capacitive circuit
• R‐C circuit (series and parallel)
• Inductive circuit
• R‐L circuit (series and parallel)
• Series resonant circuit
• Parallel resonant circuit
• Low‐pass filter (R‐C)
• High‐pass filter (C‐R)
• Low‐pass filter (L‐R)
• High‐pass filter (R‐L)
• Pass‐band filter
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M07

ELECTRIC POWER IN ALTERNATING CURRENT

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the concept of active, reactive and apparent   power through the use of ohmic‐  inductiveand ohmic‐ capacitive circuits, the Boucherot’s theorem and the concept of phasing of an ohmic‐inductive load.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Active power
• Reactive power
• Apparent power
• Boucherot’s theorem
• Power and energy measurements
• Phasing of a single‐phase system
• Calculation of the phasing capacity
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Active, reactive and apparent power (ohmic, inductive, ohmic‐inductive load)
• Active, reactive and apparent power (ohmic, capacitive, ohmic‐capacitive load)
• Boucherot’s theorem
• Phasing of an ohmic‐inductive load
Complete with theoretical and practical manual. Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M08

SINGLE‐PHASE TRANSFORMER

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the operating principle of the single‐phase transformers in different load conditions and their phase shift and the principle of the pulse transformer and its relative hysteresis loop.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Ideal transformer: no‐load operation
• Ideal transformer: load operation
• Real transformer: no‐load and load operation
• Tests on the transformer
• The autotransformer
• Magnetic core
• Electric windings
• Transformer cooling
• Transformer applications
• Pulse transformers
• Transformers for blocked oscillators
• Analysis of the behaviour of voltage vs. time
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Voltage and current transformation ratio
• No‐load transformer
• Transformer in different load conditions; phase displacement
• Pulse transformer
• Hysteresis cycle of a pulse transformer; magnetic saturation curve
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M09

MOTOR AND GENERATOR

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the operating principle of the generators and direct current motors, their power and efficiency and their speed regulation with PWM and closed loop.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Separate excitation dc motors
• Shunt excitation dc motors
• Series excitation dc motors
• Compound excitation dc motors
• Power and efficiency
• DC motors as generators
• DC motors as tachometric dynamo
• DC motor speed control
• Transistor operation
• Semi controlled single‐phase bridge operation
• Totally controlled single phase bridge operation
• Linear control and PWM control
• Closed loop control
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• Measurement of the speed of a dc motor
• Counter electromotive force of a dc motor
• Load operation of a dc motor
• Power and efficiency
• Control circuit of a dc motor
• Adjustment of the PWM speed
• Adjustment of the closing loop speed
Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M10

THREE‐PHASE SYSTEMS

The design and construction of electronic circuits to solve practical problems is an essential technique in the fields of electronic engineering and computer engineering.
With this board the students can study the operation of a balanced and unbalanced three‐ phase system with resistive, capacitive and inductive load; they can also verify the behavior of a three‐phase rectifier and of a phase sequence indicator.
THEORETICAL TOPICS
• Star connected three‐phase load
• Triangle connected three‐phase load
• Balanced three‐phase load
• Unbalanced three‐phase load
• Inductive load
• Capacitive load
• Re‐phasing circuit
• Resonance circuit
• Displacement of the centre of the star
• Half‐wave rectifier circuit
• Full‐wave rectifier circuit
• Half‐bridge three‐phase rectifier circuit
• Six‐phase rectifier circuit
• Fault simulation
CIRCUIT BLOCKS
• 4 three‐phase resistive circuits
• 3 three‐phase capacitive circuits
• 2 three‐phase inductive circuits
• 1 diode rectifier circuit
• 1 sequence scope circuit
• 1 three‐phase and neutral generator with variable frequency between 10 and 500 Hz 
  Complete with theoretical and practical manual.
Dimensions of the board: 297x260mm

DL 3155M29

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ProductsCodeSheetTender specsManualsVideo
DC FUNDAMENTALS DL 3155E01
DC CIRCUITS DL 3155M01R
ELECTRIC NETWORKS DL 3155M02
POWER AND ELECTRIC ENERGY DL 3155M03
ELECTRIC FIELD DL 3155M04
MAGNETIC CIRCUITS DL 3155M05R
ELECTROMAGNETISMDL 3155M06
AC CIRCUITS DL 3155M07
ELECTRIC POWER IN ALTERNATING CURRENT DL 3155M08
SINGLE-PHASE TRANSFORMER DL 3155M09
DIRECT CURRENT MOTOR AND GENERATORDL 3155M10
THREE-PHASE SYSTEMS DL 3155M29